Biomimetics is the understanding of natural mechanisms to solve complex technical problems.

Biomimetics, coined by Otto Schmidt, implies the understanding of biological structures and processes and their comparable technological applications, methods, or procedures. Recently defined by Göran Pohl and Werner Nachtigall, it is the grasping of natural principles to aid in the comprehension of analogous, technological questions, which could then be solved by the applications of optimized technologies.


Biomimetics design strategies are functional solutions to technical problems. Biomimetics widely used in many engineering fields from robotics, biomedical, photovoltaics, architectural to manufacturing and mechanical. The process of biomimetic design often starts with defining a technical problem, followed by investigating a corresponding mechanism from nature.